Isla del Caño
Isla del Cano or Cano Island is an amazing marine biological reserve in Costa Rica. Part of Puntarenas province and just northeast of the Corcovado National Park, Isla del Cano is an island of considerable geographical and archeological importance. Fifteen kilometers from the Port of San Pedrillo, this 300-hectare piece of land was formerly a cemetery or burial ground dating back to the pre-Columbian era.
Evidence of this island’s history is the incredible stone spheres that have been found here, all of which are hand carved and perfectly rounded. On the island itself, not much wildlife or fauna is found. However, Isla del Cano is often used as a migratory passage of birds who fly to warmer climes from the northern hemisphere during the winter. Aside from the evergreen forest found on the island, the only other trees growing out here include the rubber tree, the wild cocoa tree and some shrubs and bushes. Besides birds like the osprey, black hawk, cattle egret and phalarope, some common animals and reptiles on the island are; pacas, boa constrictors, possums, tree frogs, pigs, moths, beetles, bats, mosquitoes, rats and lizards.
According to researchers, this island was believed to have been formed when over 50 million years ago the earth’s tectonic plates moved, causing this island to emerge. The real beauty of Isla del Cano is not found on its land, but underwater. This island’s virgin waters are some of the bluest in the country, and are home to a spectacular variety of stunning marine flora and fauna as well as some gorgeous coral reefs. Rated as being the best underwater adventure diving spots in the world, the Isla del Cano Biological Reserve is also home to a huge variety of fish, whales and sharks.